Still Current. At 94, Inventing the Better Battery

April 8, 2017

goodenough_john_

Check the actuarial tables.

A lot of us are going to get old. Real old.
No sense in wasting it.

Better battery storage is of course, the rapidly emerging key that is powering the Renewable Revolution.  A  94 year old physicist just kicked it up several notches.

New York Times:

In 1946, a 23-year-old Army veteran named John Goodenough headed to the University of Chicago with a dream of studying physics. When he arrived, a professor warned him that he was already too old to succeed in the field.

Recently, Dr. Goodenough recounted that story for me and then laughed uproariously. He ignored the professor’s advice and today, at 94, has just set the tech industry abuzz with his blazing creativity. He and his team at the University of Texas at Austin filed a patent application on a new kind of battery that, if it works as promised, would be so cheap, lightweight and safethat it would revolutionize electric cars and kill off petroleum-fueled vehicles. His announcement has caused a stir, in part, because Dr. Goodenough has done it before. In 1980, at age 57, he coinvented the lithium-ion battery that shrank power into a tiny package.

University of Texas:

AUSTIN, Texas — A team of engineers led by 94-year-old John Goodenough, professor in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin and co-inventor of the lithium-ion battery, has developed the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries for handheld mobile devices, electric cars and stationary energy storage.

Goodenough’s latest breakthrough, completed with Cockrell School senior research fellow Maria Helena Braga, is a low-cost all-solid-state battery that is noncombustible and has a long cycle life (battery life) with a high volumetric energy density and fast rates of charge and discharge. The engineers describe their new technology in a recent paper published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science.

“Cost, safety, energy density, rates of charge and discharge and cycle life are critical for battery-driven cars to be more widely adopted. We believe our discovery solves many of the problems that are inherent in today’s batteries,” Goodenough said.

The researchers demonstrated that their new battery cells have at least three times as much energy density as today’s lithium-ion batteries. A battery cell’s energy density gives an electric vehicle its driving range, so a higher energy density means that a car can drive more miles between charges. The UT Austin battery formulation also allows for a greater number of charging and discharging cycles, which equates to longer-lasting batteries, as well as a faster rate of recharge (minutes rather than hours).

New York Times again:

..there’s plenty of evidence to suggest that late blooming is no anomaly. A 2016 Information Technology and Innovation Foundation study found that inventors peak in their late 40s and tend to be highly productive in the last half of their careers. Similarly, professors at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Hitotsubashi University in Japan, who studied data about patent holders, foundthat, in the United States, the average inventor sends in his or her application to the patent office at age 47, and that the highest-value patents often come from the oldest inventors — those over the age of 55.

John P. Walsh, one of the professors, joked that the Patent Office should give a “senior discount” because “there’s clear evidence that people with seniority are making important contributions to invention.”

study of Nobel physics laureates found that, since the 1980s, they have made their discoveries, on average, at age 50. The study also found that the peak of creativity for Nobel winners is getting higher every year. For many years, oddsmakers have predicted that Dr. Goodenough would win the Nobel Prize, but so far the call from Stockholm has not come. You might call him the Susan Lucci of chemistry. If he finally does prevail, he could be the oldest person ever to receive the Nobel, and a harbinger.

University of Texas:

Today’s lithium-ion batteries use liquid electrolytes to transport the lithium ions between the anode (the negative side of the battery) and the cathode (the positive side of the battery). If a battery cell is charged too quickly, it can cause dendrites or “metal whiskers” to form and cross through the liquid electrolytes, causing a short circuit that can lead to explosions and fires. Instead of liquid electrolytes, the researchers rely on glass electrolytes that enable the use of an alkali-metal anode without the formation of dendrites.

The use of an alkali-metal anode (lithium, sodium or potassium) — which isn’t possible with conventional batteries — increases the energy density of a cathode and delivers a long cycle life. In experiments, the researchers’ cells have demonstrated more than 1,200 cycles with low cell resistance.

Additionally, because the solid-glass electrolytes can operate, or have high conductivity, at -20 degrees Celsius, this type of battery in a car could perform well in subzero degree weather. This is the first all-solid-state battery cell that can operate under 60 degree Celsius.

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24 Responses to “Still Current. At 94, Inventing the Better Battery”

  1. webej Says:

    Can’t judge the importance of the break through, but it’s a pretty impressive way to spend your 95th year.

  2. shastatodd Says:

    sorry, not even human self important techno-cornucopianism can mitigate the limits to growth on our finite planet.

    • jpcowdrey Says:

      The goal here is sustainability, not limitless growth. Even if one concedes we may have already exceeded the carrying capacity of the Earth, the question is, do you prefer a hard landing or a soft landing?

      • shastatodd Says:

        “The goal here is sustainability, not limitless growth. ”

        how can you have 100% sustainability without a near infinite growth in mining, manufacturing, installation AND INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE of that “magic green”? there are limits and our futile attempt to greenwash that wont end well. i am sorry, but on our finite planet, we cannot shop our way to sustainability… especially when we have 7.5 billion consuming and polluting human animals… increasing at 1,000,000 every 4.5 days!

        And after the continual repairs to keep my home’s “magic green” running, is it even a net gain? I love the resiliency from my 27 year old system, but there is no way it even pays for itself, let alone is some kind of free cash machine or a “sustainable” solution.

        hard landing or soft? well, all of my “good green” friends (who know better) continue their massive carbon footprint lifestyles of luxury and waste, so id say humanity is choosing “change by force” (hard landing).

        enjoy these remaining good days up here on the dry end of the titanic. 🙂

  3. Computer Says:

    N renewables up and coming. .

  4. DevBlog Says:

    N renewables up and coming. .

  5. markmhamann Says:

    N renewables up and coming. .


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