#Resistance: Tiny Tribe Shows How it’s Done

March 29, 2017


Hell yeah.


A year earlier, I traveled to her village in the Ecuadorian Amazon to research the improbable story of a rainforest community of 1,200 Kichwa people that has successfully fended off oil companies and a government intent on exploiting their land for profit. How, I wondered, has Sarayaku been winning?

This is not the story most people know from Ecuador. Headlines have focused on northern Ecuador, where Chevron is fighting a landmark $9.5 billion judgment for dumping millions of gallons of toxic wastewater into rivers and leaving unlined pits of contaminated sludge that poisoned thousands of people.

Sarayaku lies in southern Ecuador, where the government is selling drilling rights to a vast swath of indigenous lands—except for Sarayaku. The community has become a beacon of hope to other indigenous groups and to global climate change activists as it mobilizes to stop a new round of oil exploration.

What I found in Sarayaku was not just a community defending its territory. I encountered a people who believe that their lifestyle, deeply connected to nature, holds promise for humans to save themselves from global warming and extinction. They are fighting back by advancing a counter-capitalist vision called sumak kawsay—Kichwa for “living well”—living in harmony with the natural world and insisting that nature has rights deserving of protection.

In the early 2000s, “The government let oil businesses exploit and explore for oil in this territory. There was no consultation. Many communities sold out to the oil companies. Sarayaku was the only pueblo that didn’t sell the right for oil companies to explore.”

Ecuador’s government ignored the community’s refusal to sell oil-drilling rights and signed a contract in 1996 with the Argentinian oil company C.G.C. to explore for oil in Sarayaku. In 2003, C.G.C. petroleros—oil workers and private security guards—and Ecuadorian soldiers came by helicopter to lay explosives and dig test wells.

Sarayaku mobilized. “We stopped the schools and our own work and dedicated ourselves to the struggle for six months,” says Santi. As the oil workers cleared a large area of forest—which was community farmland—the citizens of Sarayaku retreated deep into the jungle, where they established emergency camps and plotted their resistance.

“In the six months of struggle, there was torture, rape, and strong suffering of our people, especially our mothers and children,” Santi recounts. “We returned with psychological illness. All the military who came …” He pauses to compose himself. “This was a very, very bad time.”

In their jungle camps, the Sarayaku leaders hatched a plan. The women of the community prepared a strong batch of chicha, the traditional Ecuadorian homebrew made from fermented cassava. One night, a group of them traveled stealthily through the jungle, shadowed by men of the village. The women emerged at the main encampment of the petroleros. They offered their chicha and watched as the oil workers happily partied.

As their drinking binge ended, the petroleros fell asleep. When they awoke, what they saw sobered them: They were staring into the muzzles of their own automatic weapons. Wielding the guns were the women and men of Sarayaku.

The Sarayaku residents ordered the petroleros off their ancestral land. The terrified workers called in helicopters and fled, abandoning their weapons. The oil workers never returned. An Ecuadorian general came later and negotiated with community leaders— five of whom had been arrested and beaten—for the return of the weapons.
I ask Santi why Sarayaku has resisted. His tan, weathered face breaks into a gentle smile even as he recounts a difficult story.

“Our fathers told us that for future generations not to suffer, we needed to struggle for our territory and our liberty. So we wouldn’t be slaves of the new kind of colonization.

“The waterfall, the insects, the animals, the jungle gives us life,” he tells me. “Because man and the jungle have a relationship. For the Western capitalist world, the jungle is simply for exploiting resources and ending all this. The indigenous pueblos without jungle—we can’t live.”



5 Responses to “#Resistance: Tiny Tribe Shows How it’s Done”

  1. vierotchka Says:

    Exemplary! Bravo!

  2. florasforum Says:

    I’m with you, vierotchka. A wonderful story to give us hope!

  3. disperser Says:

    I was hoping for some legal way, clever political machinations . . . armed resistance would ultimately fail — and has failed — in the face of determined superior forces.

    The defense of their land is admirable, but I’m guessing the incentive is just not large enough given the current situation (oil glut). If that changes, I don’t hold out much hope they will prevail.

  4. Tom Bates Says:

    Do you simply turn off your brain when you do these stories or it always turned off.

    Look at the picture, the women is standing in a motor powered boat which was built with power tools from wood cut down in the forest and plastic made from petroleum. The wood and plastic was transported by fuel driven trucks to the mill and boat yard. The rope is mostly likely a petroleum product.

    The women is wearing petroleum products dress, makeup and most likely got to the boat in a fuel driven car also made by using petroleum products. I bet she is alive as somebody using petroleum brought doctors and medicines so she could use them in the past and will in the future.

    The picture could not have been made without petroleum products and your computer would not exist without them.

    Use you brain, simply because the women is a very good looking does not mean what she is saying is sane. The actual tribe would be a fraction of its size today and would be running around naked while it and other tribesmen would be busy raping this women and carrying her off to their tribe before the westerners showed up. They would be as poor as church mice without the trade, law and order and money those same westerners brought.

    If you exist in the modern world you need petroleum to live. Extracting that petroleum does not mean the end of the world if done with care. The villain here is the corrupt government of the country. What you need to keep in mind is most countries in the third world are corrupt, a lot more corrupt than ours.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: