Think Solar Can’t Compete with Big Energy? Think Again…

March 26, 2012

I’ve reported how the right kind of policies, like those being applied in Germany,  can open up a torrent of renewable energy. People like John Farrell, a researcher at the Institute for Local Self Reliance, are mapping the strategies to make it happen in America, and sooner than you think.

Minnesota Public Radio:

Most Americans think clean energy is futuristic — a good idea some day, but not practical now. But a new report from the Institute for Local Self Reliance suggests that within 10 years, 100 million Americans in the nation’s largest cities could get cheaper electricity from rooftop solar — without subsidies — than that provided by their utility.

For example, one-quarter of San Diego residents could power their homes with cost-effective solar by next year. Even in Boston, solar could cost-effectively power one-third of homes by 2020.

The current electricity system is ill-equipped for this surge in local rooftop solar — or even for the 21st century. It’s a relic of the last century, when utilities located dirty coal-powered plants far from population centers, connecting them via high-voltage transmission lines to customers hundreds or thousands of miles away.

An electricity system powered by local solar is fundamentally different. Wherever the sun shines, solar panels are right at the customer’s location, on a rural farm or an urban rooftop. And because solar power is modular, it lends itself to construction at a local scale.

Solar also lends itself to local ownership instead of utility conglomerates. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory reports that locally owned renewable energy projects — like rooftop solar — can offer twice the jobs and more than three times the local economic impact of absentee-owned projects, because revenue from local projects stays in the local economy. Having an economic stake in energy ownership also gives citizens a sense of political ownership. Researchers in Germany found a 45 percentage-point increase in support for more local wind power when wind turbines were locally owned instead of absentee-owned.

The rooftop revolution doesn’t need more subsidies, but it does need new rules.

Subsidies for solar must change before exponential growth creates exponential resistance to rising costs. This requires us to move away from fixed, one-size-fits-all incentives like the federal solar tax credit toward more flexible and transparent incentives that can phase out as solar becomes competitive in different regions.

The solar tax credit should also be replaced because it is inefficient. Indeed, as much as half of taxpayers’ money goes not to solar power plants, but to the middle men who funnel it to large corporations and wealthy households.

The tax credit’s inefficiency also undermines solar’s greatest asset: local ownership of energy generation. Local ownership of solar could be best achieved through community institutions — cooperatives, schools or cities — but federal tax incentives are for taxable entities, not these organizations. Instead, community institutions must rely on complex partnerships with large corporations to use tax credits, with as much as half the credit used to reduce the tax liability of the private partner instead of the cost of local solar.

Policy makers could replace the inequities and inefficiencies of the tax credit with a feed-in tariff: an energy policy that allows anyone to get a long-term contract for generating electricity from solar, at a price sufficient to earn a modest return on investment (without using the tax code). Used by leading solar nations like Germany, the feed-in tariff can adjust to solar market conditions, as well as offering different contract prices in less sunny regions or places with lower grid electricity prices.

The new rules for the electricity system are needed now, because otherwise billions of dollars will be spent on the last century’s power plants and power lines just as a local solar revolution supplants them.

The surge in local solar will create a self-interested movement — the strongest kind. But the movement’s success requires policy makers to act now. With the right rules, they can nurture a solar opportunity to democratize energy production and to energize democracy.

One Response to “Think Solar Can’t Compete with Big Energy? Think Again…”

  1. Mike Says:

    One can only hope these sensible suggestions are taken on board. In Australia feed-in tariffs exist and they vary across the country according to which electricity supplier happen to be in your area. I’m unsure on the tax status of this system but I have friends who aren’t complaining because they have moved from paying $600 per quarter to the power supplier to having money credited to their bank account by them. Even if they are paying a small amount of tax on that it makes sense. The problem for many people though is being able to afford to have the system installed. The Fedral government did have a solar rebate scheme which reduced the cost to those such that many of the systems wouldeventually pay for themselves within 6-7 years. Unfortunately, in their infinite wisdom they scrapped the scheme with little warning seeing a massive drop in uptake of solar power and subsequent increase in unemployment as contractors/installers suddenly found themselves without customers.
    In the Australian context with 90% of our population confined to the coast, and the abundant sunshine over most of the continent and high winds, particularly along the south coast, centralised power generation is extremely feasible. so much so that Melbourne University were able to develop a plan that would see Australia move to 100% renewable energy in just a decade, create long term employment opportunities, provide more than enough baseload to meet demand and cost consumers an extra $400 per year per house on top of their current electricity costs. Given that the Federal government is happy to fork out a $5000 baby bonus to every person who helps overpopulate the country and spends millions of dollars a year on politician perks, they could easily afford to redirect some of this wasteful money to compensate households. The only problem with this idea is the lack of political will. I honestly believe that if political donations were made illegal, governments would not be beholden to their financers. Here the left is propped up by trade unions whose main base comes from workers in big polluting industries. The right is propped up by big business itself as well as individual miners like Clive Palmer, Australia’s wealthiest man.
    Anyway, for more info and a link to the plan produced by Melbourne University, see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qImNRuV4G0Q


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: