Jason Box: Can We Save Greenland?

January 31, 2013

Jason Box is one of the premier experts on the Greenland ice sheet, having spent, in total, more than year camping on the ice over the course of  the last 2 decades.

Dr. Box is the creator of the Dark Snow Project, an ambitious attempt to Crowd-fund an arctic expedition this summer.  Over the last decade, Jason’s measurements indicate that the surface of Greenland has become darker, more absorptive of the sun’s light and heat.  There are a number of processes that could be causing it – some natural, some manmade. DarkSnowProject is designed to sample snow at various points on the ice sheet, and determine if  soot from increasing numbers of large wild fires could be one of the significant reasons for darker snow.

If the fund raising goes well, I’ll be going along to document the project – so Jason and I took advantage of the ClimateDesk press event (above) to hang out for a day and strategize, visit some key journalists, and  bond over beers at a dark DC watering hole. (well, beers and a shotglass of unpronounceable clear liquid something that Jason shoved in front of me)

Among the press who picked up on the Climate Desk event, and the Greenland Story  - PBS Newshour:

Are wildfires speeding up ice melt in Greenland? Jason Box, founder of the Dark Snow project, is taking up a collection to find out.

Last summer, record-setting wildfires raged across Colorado and New Mexico. It was the third most devastating wildfire year on record in the U.S. Warmer and drier temperatures in recent decades has also led to increased fire activity in the Arctic tundra. The Anaktuvuk River fire in Alaska in 2007, for example, burned 401 square miles, an area the size of Cape Cod. It was the largest tundra fire ever recorded.

While forests and grasslands burned, the Arctic melted. Greenland’s ice sheet melted at a faster rate than scientists had ever observed, with 90 percent of the mass thawing in July.

Box, who is a Greenland ice climatologist at the Byrd Polar Research Center, thinks there might be a connection between the wildfires and the unprecedented ice melt.

“I was on my way back to Greenland while the fires were going on, and a light bulb went on,” he said. “Soot is a multiplier [of snow melt]…human activity is interacting with Greenland’s climate through fire.”

Box is no stranger to Greenland. He’s made 19 trips to the country since 1994 to study the glaciers. He’s also been involved in the Extreme Ice Survey, a research and photography project that monitors the disappearance of the earth’s glaciers.

Jeffrey Deems, a research scientist at CIRES who is not involved in the project, said rising temperatures have been well studied as a key factor in Greenland’s ice melt, along with the link between shrinking ice mass and sea level rise. But so far, the impact of soot and ash on snow albedo and how that’s affected accelerated ice melt in Greenland has gotten little attention.

“The big elephant in the room in terms of energy balance is solar radiation,” he said. “Soot and black carbon and mineral dust-affected albedo has an effect on that energy balance.”

darksnow490

Box hopes to drill into the inland ice sheet to examine the black carbon littering the layers of snow, in order to determine where it’s coming from: tundra fires, exhaust from ships or manufacturing dust from the continents, for example.

Layers in the ice are similar to rings in a tree. Each layer corresponds to a distinct year, and the thickness of the ice tells scientist about the rate of melt that year and the health of the ice. For this project, they hope to analyze ice cores from 2012, which had both heavy fires and extreme melt. They’ll compare these core samples to those from earlier years. A lab analysis of the samples should reveal if melt increased around those dark layers, he said.

But a research trip to Greenland is not cheap. Chartering a plane to the island costs $10,000 a day, Box said; more if the weather delays your flight. So when he was turned down for a National Science Foundation Rapid Research grant in 2012, Box launched a social media campaign to encourage public contributions. So far, the Dark Snow project has raised $67,465, which is still short of their $150,000 goal.

Dark Snow Website here.

First project video here. More to come shortly.

13 Responses to “Jason Box: Can We Save Greenland?”

  1. daveburton Says:

    PBS Newshour wrote, “Greenland’s ice sheet melted at a faster rate than scientists had ever observed, with 90 percent of the mass thawing in July.”

    Uh huh. More proof of why you should spend less time watching the boob tube, and more time reading WUWT.

    • macileal Says:

      One newspaper’s mistake is proof for nothing. On the other hand, you can easily come up yourself with a definition for the practice of blindly trusting consistently debunked sources.

      • daveburton Says:

        It’s just an example of the problem of pervasive incompetence and scientific illiteracy in the press. PBS NewsHour is supposed to be the top broadcast news program in America, but they hired a pretty young Film Studies major, with an emphasis on Feminist Criticism, as Reporter/Producer on Science and Climate Change. It’s no wonder they report so much complete nonsense.

        The problem is not not only at PBS, either. It’s just about everywhere. Here’s another example from yesterday’s news:

        “Research has shown in the past that thin ice, and areas of open water, allow sunlight to filter down to the water below, causing a dense layer of ice that sits 65 feet down to gradually warm.”
        http://pages.citebite.com/b9p8d6m4srlj

        With a steady stream of such nonsense in the press, it’s no wonder there are still people who fret about catastrophic anthropogenic global warming.

    • greenman3610 Says:

      I read WUWT for updates on alien life forms and extraterrestrials.

  2. guylacrosse Says:

    Trusting sources at WUWT would be like trusting the inmates at an asylum for a medical diagnosis.

  3. mhr900 Says:

    So she should have said in July 97 percent of the ice sheet surface had undergone thawing. Okay a simple mistake from an inexperience author not a deliberate cherry pick of data or a straight out lie like that we see everyday from the old white men sites, “sceptic sites”.

    Funny wuwt is mentioned, I show people that site to display how off the planet it is and how they cherry pick data, lie, distort and do not care about facts.
    Once they see how easy it is to find the facts on true science sites they are converted, mind you the amount of extreme weather happening around the world is doing a better job at making people realise that climate change is here and that it will only get worse. As predicted by climate scientists.
    Things I have seen by climate so called sceptics, Co2 is heavier than air so cannot be the cause, C02 is used in refrigerators so no global warming, Mars is cold and its atmosphere is mainly C02 so no global warming, hilarious if it was not so sad. I could go on and on but one does get jaded debunking the same rubbish over and over.

    Having dealt with my first 46c degree day in Sydney I am not looking forward to the future weather at all.
    This site is one I send people to all the time by the way to see the truth in nice easy bites, thanks for your efforts Greenman

  4. mspelto Says:

    Sticking with reality, the glaciers of Greenland do not read and are not influenced by WUWT, they are by climate change. Hence, the dramatic changes seen on almost every glacier from the north Steensby Glacier to the southwest Narssap Sermia, to the east Thrym.


  5. [...] 2013/01/31: PSinclair: Jason Box: Can We Save Greenland? [...]


  6. [...] DC for a Dark Snow Project press event last week – I had the chance to spend some time with Joe Romm – easily the most widely [...]


  7. [...] from fires around the globe (both natural and what we humans are burning) has on the melt rate: http://climatecrocks.com/2013/01/31/…nd/#more-13806 __________________ Sincerely, Neil http://neilblanchard.blogspot.com/ Last edited by [...]


  8. [...] 2013/01/31: PSinclair: Jason Box: Can We Save Greenland? [...]


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